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19 February 2021
Shalini John

MEP Design for Office Spaces

Parameters for office design include advanced technology, safety, comfort and security, all while being environmentally friendly. Flawless mechanical, electrical and plumbing (MEP) systems design is crucial to optimising these parameters. The MEP design services must include drawings that are sustainable and detailed, and they must satisfy all government regulations for design, installation, operation and maintenance.

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1. Mechanical

Heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) systems fall under the mechanical branch of MEP engineering design, along with lifts, escalators, plant rooms and machinery. HVAC systems in offices must:

  • Maintain air quality
  • Maintain internal temperatures
  • Control air humidity
2.Electrical

Electrical systems form the crux of MEP services in offices, and they can include:

  • Power supply and distribution
  • Information and telecommunications systems
  • Security and access systems
  • Detection and alarm systems
  • Interior and exterior lighting
3. Plumbing

Office plumbing systems allow the movement of fluids, involving pipes, valves, plumbing fixtures, tanks, etc. They can also be used for:

  • Heating and cooling
  • Waste removal
  • Potable cold and hot water supply
  • Water recovery and treatment systems
  • Rainwater, surface and subsurface water drainage
  • Fuel gas piping
4. Fire Design

Office fire safety objectives include minimising risks from heat and smoke, protecting office property, maintaining office functioning and minimising environmental pollution. Design requirements for fire safety include:

  • Controlling ignition and fuel sources
  • Ensuring occupants are informed of fire
  • Ensuring active fire systems are triggered
  • Clear escape route for building occupants
  • Containing fire to the smallest possible area
  • Extinguishing fire quickly and with minimal damage
5. Green Building

A green office building roof supports storm water management and reduces building energy use. Improved daylighting, LED fixtures and occupancy sensors can lead to reduced artificial lighting. Other features include the following:

  • Solar-powered building heating systems
  • Cooling systems for buildings
  • Greywater recycling
  • Sustainable urban drainage systems
  • Rainwater harvesting
6. Coworking Spaces

Coworking spaces are office environments shared between different companies, enabling cost savings. Equipment, utilities, etc. are used commonly. Coworking helps individuals avoid feeling isolated while telecommuting, travelling or working from home. For a flexible space, design needs to include:

  • Frequent electrical outlets, on walls, hanging from ceilings or on the floor
  • Several audio-visual spaces
  • Adjustable lighting
  • Sound-proofed office walls

Using Building Information Modelling (BIM), MEP engineers design, modify and collaborate with vital MEP design data and other project stakeholders. By adapting the BIM package at the MEP design stage, MEP consultants are updated as part of a highly efficient design process with BIM MEP services, resulting in fewer on-site challenges and fewer clashes.

XS CAD has valuable experience providing MEP (M&E) & fire design services for global design and build firms.